Cocktail “Nyaope” loại ma túy đang phá hủy Nam Phi

Cocktail “Nyaope” (còn được gọi là “whoonga” hay “wunga”) là hỗn hợp gồm heroin cấp thấp, cần sa, các chất tẩy rửa, thuốc diệt chuột và Clo. Nyaope có giá khá rẻ, chỉ khoảng 2USD cho một liều dùng. Việc mua nyaope rất dễ và việc hút cũng công khai. Họ chuẩn bị giấy và sau đó quấn với thứ bột màu trắng trước khi đốt chúng. Đó là cảnh tượng phổ biến trên khắp đất nước Nam Phi và đã ảnh hưởng đến hàng chục nghìn người trẻ ở đây.

Mới 24 tuổi nhưng Neo đã có thâm niên hút nyaope 7 năm. Lần đầu tiên Neo hút nyaope là vào năm 17 tuổi, khi còn đang đi học. Lần ấy, trong giờ giải lao, Neo bị chính người bạn cùng lớp rủ rê vào một quán rượu phía sau trường để hút loại ma túy chết người này. Kể từ khi đó trong 7 năm qua, cuộc sống của Neo hoàn toàn bị đảo điên, đến ngay cả người mẹ của anh ta cũng không còn nhận ra đây chính là cậu con trai ngoan ngoãn yêu quý của mình. Để có tiền chơi nyaope, Neo biến thành một tên trộm cắp vặt. Nhưng thật nguy hiểm khi chính Neo không nhận ra mình là một con nghiện. Anh ta tự bào chữa cho việc hút nyaope là để… chữa bệnh, làm xoa dịu những cơn co thắt dạ dày hành hạ hàng ngày.

Theo một bài phóng sự điều tra được đăng trên GlobalMediaGirl, nyaope lần đầu tiên xuất hiện ở Nam Phi là vào giữa năm 2000 và 2006 tại vùng Soshanguve, thủ đô Tshwane Nam Phi, thành phố Attridgeville và thị trấn Mamelodi. Năm 2010, Nyaope bắt đầu hoành hành ở thành phố Durban, cũng kể từ đây trào lưu hút Nyaope lan nhanh trong giới trẻ Nam Phi. “Thiên đường” là từ các con nghiện thường nói khi được hỏi về tác động của nyaope. Tuy nhiên, nyaope chỉ mang đến “thiên đường” trong một vài giờ ngắn ngủi, và sẽ là “địa ngục” đối với những người nghiện bởi họ sẽ không dễ dàng thoát ra được “con ma này”.

Ban đầu hút, người dùng cảm thấy tinh thần phấn khích, khi sử dụng liều nặng hơn, một cảm giác thư giãn thật tuyệt vời. Nhưng hậu quả nguy hiểm của loại ma túy tổng hợp giá rẻ này là người chơi không cần ăn uống và khiến hệ thống miễn dịch bị suy yếu, với những cơn đau thắt dạ dày, đau bụng, buồn nôn, tiêu chảy, bị chuột rút cơ bắp, mất ngủ… y như một bệnh nhân thực sự. Một số người nghiện giải thích rằng họ đã mắc nghiện vì họ đã dùng thử các loại ma túy; một số khác nói rằng vì thất vọng khi không tìm được việc làm đã dẫn họ đến ma túy.

Con trai 30 tuổi của bà Maria Khanye đã chết năm ngoái sau khi tái nghiện nhiều lần mặc dù đã vào trại cai nghiện. “Con trai tôi đã chết trong vòng tay của tôi. Tôi đã năn nỉ nó đi cai nghiện nhưng nó đã không lắng nghe tôi”. Người phụ nữ 60 tuổi thường xuyên đi vận động trong khu phố của mình để khuyến khích người nghiện khác từ bỏ trước khi quá muộn. “Tôi khóc khi tôi đi bộ qua các con đường và tôi thấy họ hút mỗi ngày. Điều này cần phải dừng lại”.

Trước sự gia tăng nhanh chóng của tình trạng nghiện ma túy, chính phủ Nam Phi đã cam kết sẽ thành lập nhiều trung tâm phục hồi chức năng. Tuy nhiên, với tốc độ mà nyaope đang lan rộng trong cộng đồng như hiện nay thì biện pháp này chưa đáp ứng được. Các trung tâm điều trị luôn trong tình trạng quá tải. Ông Oupa Segone, cựu thị trưởng của thị trấn Delmas, tỉnh Mpumalanga – nơi nyaope đang hoành hành dữ dội, đã mở một trung tâm phục hồi chức năng không có giấy phép tại trang trại của ông, cách thị trấn khoảng 27km. Để giúp 22 người nghiện, ông Segone sử dụng phương pháp độc đáo, kết hợp giữa chăm sóc, thiền định và nhóm trị liệu – không có bác sĩ hoặc nhân viên xã hội, mà chỉ có những người nghiện khuyến khích nhau để bỏ thuốc.

Hội đồng quốc gia Nam Phi về rượu và sự phụ thuộc thuốc (SANCA) cho biết, các trung tâm phục hồi chức năng không có giấy phép đã mọc lên như nấm trên khắp Nam Phi để đáp ứng nhu cầu của các gia đình có người nghiện đang tuyệt vọng và cần được giúp đỡ. Chính phủ cho biết rất lo ngại khi nyaope ngày càng phổ biến, nhưng phải mất một thời gian nyaope mới được xếp vào loại ma túy. Nyaope bị cấm sử dụng kể từ tháng 3-2014 và người sử dụng loại này bị phạt tù lên đến 15 năm.

59 thoughts on “Cocktail “Nyaope” loại ma túy đang phá hủy Nam Phi

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